REVELATION 14Revelation of Jesus | Revelation of JohnT: REVELATION 14:1-2014:1 CLIMAX: THE LAMB WITH THE 144,000THE FATHER’S NAME ON THEIR FOREHEADS14:2-5 REPRESENTATIVES OF THE LAMB14:6 THE FIRST ANGELTHE DAILY SACRIFICE14:7 FEAR GOD AND GIVE GLORY TO HIMTHE HOUR OF HIS JUDGMENTWHEN IN HISTORY?DIAGRAMS: DANIEL 7 AND 8, 70 WEEKS, 2300 DAYSWHO IS BEING JUDGED, AND WHY?WORSHIP THE CREATORDID JESUS ESTABLISH SUNDAY?14:8 THE SECOND ANGEL’S MESSAGE14:9-1 THE THIRD ANGEL’S MESSAGE14:1 COMMANDMENTS OF GOD, FAITH OF JESUS14:13 MARTYRS DURING THE TIME OF TROUBLE?14:14-20 THE GREAT HARVEST


THE HOUR OF HIS JUDGMENT

“Fear God and give glory to Him; for the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of water” (Revelation 14:7). The people of the world who have been ignoring God or worshiping Him in vain are now called to attention, to give God the respect, awe and glory that He deserves, and to understand that the time for the judgment has arrived.

The last-day judgment consists of several phases of both investigative and executive judgment. The first phase of the investigative judgment (which was presented in chapters four through seven) is the “pre-advent judgment” (pre-advent means before the Second Coming of Christ). It is “a judgment made in favor of the saints of the most high” which enables them “to possess the kingdom” (Daniel 7:22). It is obvious that this judgment takes place before the Second Coming of Christ, because when He comes “His reward is with Him,” showing that a determination has already been made.[1]

A second investigative phase takes place during the thousand year reign with Christ, described in Revelation 20:4-6, in which the resurrected and translated saints will judge those who were not a part of the first resurrection, as well as the fallen angels. This phase is mentioned by the apostle Paul, “Do you not know that the saints will judge the world?…Do you not know that we shall judge angels?” (1 Corinthians 6:2,3).

The executive judgment, in which the sentences pronounced in the investigative judgment are carried out, has three phases. The first phase involves the pouring out of the seven last plagues and the destruction of Babylon, as described in Revelation 15-18. The second phase is at the Second Coming of Christ, when the beast and the false prophet are thrown into the lake of fire, and “the rest [those who opposed Christ] were slain with the sword of Him that sat on the horse [Christ], which proceeded out of His mouth” (Revelation 19:11-21). The final phase of the executive judgment takes place “When the thousand years are over.” John saw all “the dead, small and great, standing before God and books were opened…and the dead were judged according to their works…anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire” (Revelation 20:7,11-15).

The “hour of His judgment” referred to in Revelation 14:7 applies to the first phase of the investigative judgment. This can be seen by the fact that it is given in the context of the final appeal to those who dwell on the earth” to “fear God and give glory to Him”—in other words, the last call to repentance. Repentance is only possible during the first phase of the investigative judgment; the other phases of the judgment take place after the close of probation (see 5: The Investigative Judgment and 15:5-8 The Close of Probation).

In chapter four we saw that the investigative judgment was foreshadowed by the Day of Atonement in the sanctuary service of the Old Testament. It was a day when the people who had come to the sanctuary throughout the year to confess their sins and make sacrifices were to “afflict their souls.” On that day “the priest shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before the Lord” (Leviticus 16:30, 16). This final atonement and cleansing of the sanctuary was a symbol of the investigative judgment that takes place in the heavenly sanctuary, when the angels verify that those who have been written in the Book of Life have remained faithful. In Daniel 7 this judgment was identified by the statement “The court was seated and the books were opened…and a judgment was made in favor of the saints”( Daniel 7:10,22). In Daniel 8:14 this same time is identified with the statement “for two thousand three hundred days; then the sanctuary shall be cleansed”. A study of these prophecies allows us to pinpoint the time (the hour”) that the heavenly judgment begins.

Continue to next section: WHEN IN HISTORY?



[1] “Behold I am coming quickly and My reward is with Me, to give to every one according to his work” Revelation 22:12. See also Isaiah 40:10, 62:11, Matthew 16:27.